Retrolisthesis: Types, causes, and symptoms  that occurs When a

Retrolisthesis: Types, causes, and symptoms that occurs When a

Retrolisthesis is an uncommon joint dysfunction that occurs When a Individual vertebra in the back slips backward along or underneath a disc.

Retrolisthesis is the opposite of spondylolisthesis, which occurs when a vertebra slips forward. Retrolisthesis occurs in the neck & shoulder area, known as the cervical spine, or the lower back, known as the lumbar spine.
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Retrolisthesis occurs less often in the center area of the spine or the thoracic spine, although it is possible.

Types of retrolisthesis

Retrolisthesis affects the vertebra in the spine.

There are three types of retrolisthesis:

Complete retrolisthesis occurs when 1 is vertebra moves backward in relation to the one Above and under it.

Partial retrolisthesis involves one vertebra moving backward toward either the one on or Below it.

Staircase retrolisthesis happens when 1 is vertebra moves backward from the ones Above it And ahead of the ones Below it.


Retrolisthesis happens When the space between the vertebrae decreases. Sometimes this happens if the discs between the vertebrae shrink. Scientists are not entirely probably what makes the discs & space between the vertebrae decrease.

However, us suspect the following factors may cause this shrinkage & lead to retrolisthesis:

degenerative spinal problems


congenital disabilities

injuries to or near the spine

weak abdominal muscles & muscles around the spine

blood or bone infections


nutritional deficiencies


An X-ray may be required to diagnose retrolisthesis.
Image credit: James Heilman, MD, (2012, March 26.)

A doctor will Begin   By means of reviewing a person's general health & the symptoms the person is experiencing. After the examination, if a doctor suspects retrolisthesis, us may recommend a lateral X-ray. A lateral X-ray is taken when the person is standing up By it is impossible to identify retrolisthesis if the person is lying down.

A doctor will examine the X-ray, likely drawing several lines Above it to compare the positions of the vertebrae And measure how far the vertebrae has slipped out of position. Any slippage over 2 millimeters is considered an indication of retrolisthesis.

The X-ray can Apparently outline Any other symptoms that may indicate whether a person has retrolisthesis. Some Additional signs may include:

Source: General online