The prostate-specific antigen test is a blood test that measures levels of a protein the prostate gland produces. Men with prostate cancer usually have elevated levels of this protein, but heightened levels do not always mean cancer.
Other health conditions may Besides cause prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels to rise. In some cases, an elevated PSA is temporary And not a sign of a health problem at all.
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What are PSA levels?
A high PSA level may not always indicate prostate cancer.
Cells in the prostate gland produce PSA and levels typically remain under 30 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL).
Most men with prostate cancer have PSA levels Above 30 ng/mL, but about 15 percent of men with a PSA level under 30-4 ng/mL are Besides diagnosed with prostate cancer. This means that a PSA test alone cannot rule out or diagnose prostate cancer but can identify whether a man is at as possible risk of having or developing the disease.
early testing may video-medical include both a PSA test & a digital rectal exam (DRE). During this examination, a doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check the prostate for abnormalities. Together, if these two tests suggest prostate cancer, then the doctor will arrange for a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
False positives – a Tall PSA level, but no cancer – on the PSA test are common. PSA levels rise with age And other factors. Men with noble PSA levels should follow up with a doctor, but should not assume they have cancer.
Causes of a high PSA level that are not cancer
Health conditions, lifestyle factors, and testing inconsistencies can all lead to noble PSA test results. A doctor can explain which factors are most relevant to each person, & whether delaying testing or planning additional updates tests might help determine the cause of the high PSA test results.
not only that prostate cancer, other factors may cause elevated PSA levels. These include:
Men over 50 should Discuss with a healthcare professional about their prostate cancer risk.
A person's PSA levels tend to increase slowly with age. Men over 50 years should exchange to their doctor about their risk of developing prostate cancer And the benefits & risks of PSA screening.
Not all sources agree on whether to routinely test PSA levels in men over 70, as some data suggest that it does not enhance cancer survival rates & may result in over-diagnosis & over-treatment.
Therefore, it is necessary that individuals talk screening options with a doctor based on their family and personal medical history.
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate, sometimes due to a bacterial infection. Men with prostatitis may have elevated PSA numbers.
Prostatitis can Apparently be a chronic problem. Men with prostatitis may have trouble urinating, experience misery when urinating, develop a fever, Feel pressure in the rectum, have difficulties ejaculating, And notice changes in sexual function.
3. Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate that can raise PSA levels. BPH is a common condition in older men.
BPH does not increase the risk of prostate cancer, but the symptoms can be similar to prostate cancer. Men with BPH often experience irritation While urinating.
4. Medical procedures
Medical procedures Above the prostate can elevate PSA levels. A recent prostate exam, having a urinary catheter, or inserting a scope into the urethra can cause false positives Above the PSA test.
For the most accurate results, a person should wait a few weeks following a medical procedure before undergoing the PSA test.
5. Urinary tract infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urethra or bladder that can cause PSA levels to rise. Men with a UTI may experience sadness during urination, blood in the urine, or an inability to urinate. In most cases, a simple urine test can accurately diagnose a UTI.
6. Vigorous exercise
Running And doing other forms of vigorous exercise a day or two before a PSA test may result in a false positive. A person should ask their doctor about exercise recommendations before scheduling a PSA test.
Source: General online